Professional cycle courses
Applied aspects of the biology of diseases and pests
This course is about of fundamental and applied aspects of biology of the major diseases pathogens (viruses, bacteria and fungi) and the most common pests. Key aspects of the behavioral and population ecology and biodiversity and their use for plant protection.
Biotechnology in Plant Breeding
The discipline has theoretical (fundamental) and practically oriented direction. Aims of the subject “Biotechnology in plant breeding” are to acquaint students with methods of biotechnology and gene engineering in plant breeding, peculiarities of breeding work in case of using biotechnological methods (changing of breeding process scheme, acceleration of breeding process, improvement of ways for selection and its efficiency using biotechnological methods).
Plant Genetics and Breeding
This course provides of students with knowledge on the field of Genetics and Plant Breeding and selection: systematic origin morphbiological specialties, basic selectable valued genes of different traits and properties, way of inheritance of different morphological traits in hybridization process. Student should know the common and specific direction of Plant Breeding and selection, initial material for selection work, methods of creation new varieties and hybrids, methods of selection estimation of traits and plant properties. Students should learn methods of laboratory estimation of selection samples quality. Students also should know major selection organizations and achievements of selection work with different crops.
Plant Genetic Engineering
The discipline has both theoretical and practice-focused orientations. The course aims to introduce students to the basic biological concepts, methodologies and issues associated with transgenic crop plants resistant to biotic, abiotic and environment factors; recombinant DNA technology; cloning methods in vectors of various type; to make and to analyze genomic and cDNA libraries; to modern methods of the plant genome analyses using analysis morden molecular methods.
Recombinant DNA technology is an important method for studying the molecular processes in living organisms. Gene technology (isolation, analysis and manipulation of genes) provides the necessary tools in basic and applied agricultural, industrial, environmental, biological and medical research. The main topics of this discipline: obtaining transgenic organisms, dysfunction of the gene by using knock-out systems and RNA interference, transgenic tobacco as a model system and the production of transgenic crops. During the studies will be undertaken experimental and virtual projects for acquisition and characterization of transgenic plants. The studies will be focused on biosafety of transgenic organisms.
Plant biotechnology aims to familiarize students with the methods and technologies of creation of new plant shapes, lines and hybrids resistant to abiotic and biotic environmental factors; of obtaining the improved seed and planting material and methods of assessment; plant biodiversity conservation, cells cultivation in order to obtain substances of secondary metabolism, organization principles of cellular biotechnology laboratory.
The content: structure and function of living organisms’ genomes of all kingdoms. Molecular markers, genetic, physical and integratedmaps, fluorescent in situ hybridization for the physical localization of genes in the genome. Structure of chromosomes and topology. Sequence analysis of the entire genome, comparing the genomes of different organisms. Synteny and evolution of genomes. Methods for analysis of gene expression. Proteomics.
The discipline has theoretical (fundamental) and practically oriented direction. Aims of the Applied biotechnology are to acquaint students with methods of biotechnology and gene engineering in plant breeding, peculiarities of breeding work in case of using biotechnological methods, methods of ecological biotechnology, application of biotechnological methods in animal husbandry, veterinary medicine, food processing industry, laws and other legal statements on bio-safety and utilization of biotechnological methods in Agro-Industrial Complex.
The theory of evolution
The course aims on students training for complex knowledge of historical development of wildlife, different theoretical directions in the theory of evolution, methods of studying of evolutionary diversity of wildlife and its dynamics. Studying of the present subject helps to understand laws and principles of biological and controlled evolution and provides knowledge of the rational use of agricultural resources. After training, students should be able to apply the received present knowledge in breeding, genetic and biotechnological investigations with particular use of the evolutionary laws. The program provides instructions on studying of the subject and contains the requirements for Master degree qualification in agricultural biotechnology.
The discepline is aimed at teaching students to cytogenetic mechanisms of chromosomal changes. Studying of this course is necessary for understanding how genes act in concert on a genomic scale, several important features of meiosis and chromosome architecture, experimental genomic manipulation. As a result of studying this course students will be able to apply their modern knowledge in scientific work, in particular, use achievements of cytogenetics in biotechnology, genetic and plant breeding research. Program includes course instructions and takes into account qualification requirements for training masters of science in Agricultural Biotechnology.
Natural and synthetic plant growth regulators
The discipline has theoretical (fundamental) and practically oriented direction. Aims of the subject “Natural and synthetic growth regulators in plant industry” are to acquaint students with natural and synthetic growth regulators, their classification, the role of hormones in resistance of plants for action of stresses, signal systems of plants, practical utilization of synthetic growth regulators to prevent of agricultural production losses.
Genetics of Development
The course is aimed at teaching students to genetic toolkit for plant development and genetic control of development. Studying of this course is necessary for understanding of genetic approach to development, regulation of gene expression in development. As a result of studying this course students will be able to apply their modern knowledge in scientific work, in particular, use achievements of developmental genetics in biotechnology, genetic and plant breeding research.